Statute Law – is the ultimate source of law. It can abolish common law that is no longer relevant or it can amend it to help deal with changing circumstances. No court can challenge the validity of an Act of Parliament and is therefore binding on those affected by it.
It consists of primary legislation, Acts, such as the Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974, and delegated legislation, such as Regulations (the Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999), and Orders (The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005.
Statute law is a source of both criminal and civil law. However, the Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974 is entirely criminal and others are actionable as civil law only, such as the Occupiers Liability Act 1957.
Health and safety related statutes may be used as a basis for prosecution and as a platform for civil actions relating to personal injury suffered in the workplace.
European Directives and Regulations – As a member of the EU (currently), our statutes have to be consistent to EU law until we exit. European Directives are voted upon and we implement them into our own laws, normally through the creation of statutes. For example the Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992 was part of the original six-pack of legislation introduced via a European vote to help improve workplaces across the whole of the European Union.
Regulations have a direct consequence on which it affects and once passed, has a binding legal force.
Below is a list of changes from the previous twelve months: